Dr. El-Araby occupied several positions at the United Nations:
- June 1996: president of the Security Council.
- 1993, 1994, 1997: vice president of the General Assembly.
- Chairman, First (disarmament and international security questions) Committee of the General Assembly (forty-seventh session).
- 1992-1996: chairman of the informal working group on an Agenda for Peace.
- 1992: chairman, Working Group on Legal Instruments, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro.
- 1981-1982: chairman, United Nations Special Committee on Enhancing the Principle of the Prohibition of the Use of Force in International Relations.
Dr. Nabil El-Araby obtained his Doctor of Juridical Science degree and his Master in International Law degree from New York University Law School in 1971 and 1969 respectively. He obtained his License en Droit degree from the Faculty of Law at Cairo University in 1955.
Over the course of his career, Dr. El-Araby has been involved in a large number of legal activities including:
- 1976-1978 and 1983-1987: legal adviser and director, legal and treaties department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cairo.
- 1986-1988: agent of the Egyptian government to the Egyptian-Israeli arbitration tribunal (Taba dispute).
- 1985-1989: head of the Egyptian delegation to the Taba negotiations.
- 1995: appointed by the Egyptian Minister of Justice on the list of arbitrations in civil and commercial affairs in Egypt.
- Member of the board, Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration.
Member of the board, Egyptian Society of International Law.
- Member of the World Intellectual Property Organization Arbitration and Mediation Centre List of Neutrals.
- 1989-1992: arbitrator at the International Chamber of Commerce International Court of Arbitration in Paris in a dispute concerning the Suez Canal.
- 1978: legal adviser to the Egyptian delegation to the Camp David Middle East Peace Conference.
- 1973: special fellow in International Law, United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR).
- 1973-1975: legal adviser to the Egyptian delegation to the United Nations Geneva Middle East Peace Conference.
- 1968 Adlai Stevenson Fellow in International Law, UNITAR.
Dr El-Araby has lectured at the Hague Academy of International Law, Columbia University, New York University, Duke University, Yale University, University of Pennsylvania, University of Houston, the American Society of International Law, the New York Bar Association, the Greek Institute of International Law, and the International Peace Academy in New York and Vienna.
He lectured in international law and international organizations at the Institute for Diplomatic Studies at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Cairo. He was the keynote speaker at the Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales in 1993 in Geneva, giving a talk titled The United Nations and the New World Order. And he has been a panelist at the annual meeting of the American Society of International Law.